Thursday, March 17, 2011

Proper Use of Reference and Anatomy: Creature Design - Part One

Reference, Research & Studies are Key Elements
to Understanding and Improving your sense of Creature Design
The use of references and research regarding animal anatomy is a vital and practically mandatory part of creature design. It's a necessity to understand the function of living and extinct animals, prehistoric mammals and dinosaurs. Whether you create a design that is a horrid monster of mutilated and malformed flesh, teeth and spikes- or a more subtle, naturalistic concept- it's equally important to understand the basics of skeletal, musculature and anatomical structures of all things living, both past and present. We'll discuss monsters, both horrific, scary abominations and magical or mythical aesthetically pleasing designs another time. This series of topics will focus on an approach to more naturalistic creatures.
(Note: Artwork Copyright National Geographic - Artwork by Kennis and Kennis)
Visiting zoos, museums, observing indigenous life, researching online, collecting photos and drawing from books are all great resources to gather information and reference. Photo reference can be very helpful if used properly; if used incorrectly it can become counterproductive. I'll explain why in Part Two. Three great books to pick up for animal references, social behavior, motion and other important information are all produced by DK Publishing and all are Smithsonian books ANIMAL , ANIMAL LIFE and NATURAL HISTORY
(Note: Artwork Copyright National Geographic - Artwork by Kennis and Kennis)

(Note: Image taken from DK IMAGES photo by Dave King (c) Dorling Kindersley)

(Note: Artwork by (c) K.J. Hayler)

(Note: Reconstructed skeleton of Peale's "mammoth" (after Cuvier, 1825.)

(Note: Artwork below by Heinrich Kley.)

The Circle of Life - History and Background
In the wild lands of Africa some of the most diverse species of animal life live among one another. Certain species tend to live in solitude such as the Cheetah or Leopard (though sometimes males from the same litter will hunt together) or the Lion who live in large groups called prides often comprised of 13 females or as large as up to 40 and generally 1 dominate male. Within this continent there exist some of the largest of animal species (African Elephant) as well as some of the most rare (Okapi) and some of the smallest (Nairobi Fly) all cohabiting the same land though various species are separated within the vast terrains and borders of such a large continent.

(Note: Artwork Below Copyright National Geographic - by Kennis and Kennis)

(Note: 2 images below; Animal anatomical engraving from Handbuch der Anatomie der Tiere für Künstler' - Hermann Dittrich, illustrator.)

(Note: Artwork below by Fred V Theobald – from Agricultural Zoology)

(Note: Artwork Below Copyright National Geographic - by Kennis and Kennis)

The best-known taxonomic ranks are, in order: life, domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. An immediate distinction between 3 different species all having evolved within the same Family would be the Cheetah, Leopard and the Lion. The Cheetah has a slim lengthy build for speed and agility, while the Leopard is more stout with shorter limbs, lives in solitude, is more powerfully built for climbing and tends to relax or carry its prey into trees. The Lion being of the largest and strongest of the three hunts and lives in large prides. Those are huge differences even among only three species all deriving from the same "Big Cat" Family. Aside from living animals, you have prehistoric mammals and other animals that have gone extinct as well as dinosaurs. A few good books to check out for dinosaur skeletons, illustrations and reconstructions along with other important information are Feathered Dinosaurs - The Origin of Birds , The Great Dinosaur Discoveries and Prehistoric Life - The Definitive Visual History of Life on Earth. I can't stress enough how much I highly recommend adding at least 1 or 2 of these 3 books to your reference libary. Pick up one of these along with the above mentioned "Smithsonian 'Natural History'".
Remember: Research, read, study, sketch, observe, learn, practice, absorb.


(Note: Images taken from the book "Prehistoric Life" (c) DK Publishing.)


(Note: 4 Images below taken from the book "Feathered Dinosaurs - The Origin of Birds" (c) DK Publishing.)

(Note: Image taken from the book "Prehistoric Life" (c) DK Publishing.)
The reason I chose Africa as an introduction into animal anatomy and reference is because it is the second largest continent on Earth and it's the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to the southern temperate. Meaning "it's climate ranges from tropical to subarctic on its highest peaks. Its northern half is primarily desert or arid, while its central and southern areas contain both savanna plains and very dense jungle (rainforest) regions. In between, there is a convergence where vegetation patterns such as sahel, and steppe dominate." - Wikipedia

(Note: Artwork by (c) K.J. Hayler)


(Note: 2 images below; Copyright National Geographic - Artwork by Kennis and Kennis)

(Note: 3 images below; Animal anatomical engraving from Handbuch der Anatomie der Tiere für Künstler' - Hermann Dittrich, illustrator.)
Male and Female: The sex of an animal may determine differences in a species regarding size, weight, additions of antlers, horns or manes of fur and so on. The sex of a creature is another factor to take into account when designing, even if you have no intention of showing one or the other. It might also interest you to research and recognize that certain species of animals can reproduce Asexually where the offspring inherits the genes and traits of a single parent. There are various methods of asexual reproduction, in some cases eggs are laid and fertilized by the same animal (male/female - there is no distinction. They are referred to as Hermaphrodites). In other cases, though reproduction is performed in a similar fashion, animals like Sea Anemone perform reproduction by budding and breaking off small pieces that regenerate and begin to grow into a entirely new Sea Anemone. This process of reproduction appears to be a form of cloning. Note the difference of a Male Lion and a Female Lion in the photo below.
(Note: Photographer Unknown(c).)
Aside from male and female differences among a species, you also have interbreeding of closely related species within the same Family that branch off into something that design wise is very familiar but with the introduction of a few distinct differences. In the photo below you'll see a Tigon and you'll notice the slight striped pattern on the fur as well as a minor difference in the length and pattern in which the mane has grown. Physiologically there are minor anatomical differences that take affect as well. The size of a Liger or a Tigon may vary and in most cases grow much larger than either of the species it originated from. These are all things to consider when referencing images, research/reading and observing animal anatomy.
(Note: Photographer Unknown(c).)
Coming up in Part Two: Proper use of Reference - What is correct and what is counterproductive? Photo reference is important, but there are many ways of using such reference, some of which are more productive whereas others are more counterproductive....Check back soon.

Guest blogger Mike Corriero is a character, creature, and conceptual designer and illustrator living in New Jersey. Since graduating from Pratt Institute in 2003, Mike's client list has included Breakaway Games, Fantasy Flight Games, Allied Studios, Kingsisle Entertainment, Radical entertainment/ Vivendi Universal Games, Liquid Development, Zynga Inc, Challenge Games, Paizo Publishing and Hasbro Inc, among others. Mike's book "PLANET to PLANET creatures and strange worlds" includes hundreds of his sketches of creatures, robots, alien life forms and their environments. I recommend it for students focusing on visual development for games, or anyone who loves creature design. - J. G. O.

56 comments:

  1. Thanks for the recommendations for the reference books. I may have to pick up a couple!

    ReplyDelete
  2. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  3. GO MIKE!!! want to learn everything you can teach!

    ReplyDelete
  4. article highly qualified friend .., thanks for sharing information, if interested please visit my blogs there is a lot of articles that may be read friend, Main thing is that you need to seo work If do seo for my blog http://variasiblogger.blogspot.com/ as my blog have 2000+ visitor and I want 15000

    read more :


    >> Panduan Tips Trick Mudah SEO dan Desain Terpadu Bagi Pemula
    >> Cara Membuat Blog Gratis di Blogger Blogspot
    >> Free Responsive Templates Download
    >> Download Template Free Jual Beli Online Updates
    >> Google Webmaster Tools verification site ownership
    >> Cara Mendaftarkan Blogs ke Alexa

    ReplyDelete
  5. I loved the Lion Tiger! It is always good to study what you draw, for a film or photo painting. So you do not run in to mistakes latter on.

    ReplyDelete
  6. WR Spa - Pijat dan Spa Panggilan 24 Jam Jakarta

    Spa Panggilan Jakarta Paket Jasa Spa & Massage Jakarta Panggilan 24 Jam. Bisa Dipanggil Ke Rumah, Apartemen, Hotel dan Kost! Cek! SPA/Massage Jakarta Panggilan Khusus Pria dan wanita dengan Tenaga Kerja Muda, Trampil dan Profesional. Hub. Massage Jakarta Panggilan terMurah tapi tidak Murahan! WR Spa - Pijat dan Spa Panggilan 24 Jam Jakarta

    ReplyDelete
  7. Prudence is a basic factor which we see totally. Escorts in Islamabad We, thus, give guaranteed assurance and security in both in-gets and out-calls as per the client's tendencies. Moreover, this is something which independent escorts in Karachi will basically be not ready to give. Islamabad escorts

    ReplyDelete

  8. zapya
    zapya app
    zapya apk
    zapya download
    Zapya For Android, you'll need to download a separate app.

    ReplyDelete

  9. xender
    xender app
    xender apk
    xender downloading
    xender install

    We, thus, give guaranteed assurance and security in both in-gets and out-calls.

    ReplyDelete
  10. Hey, thanks for posting amazing articles. These blogs would definitely help us keep posted about new trends in the market.

    Limbo Emulator

    CbseLearner

    ReplyDelete
  11. This article is great. I like it very much. Thank you.
    โปรโมชั่นGclub ของทางทีมงานตอนนี้แจกฟรีโบนัส 50%
    เพียงแค่คุณสมัคร Gclub กับทางทีมงานของเราเพียงเท่านั้น
    ร่วมมาเป็นส่วนหนึ่งกับเว็บไซต์คาสิโนออนไลน์ของเราได้เลยค่ะ
    สมัครสล็อตออนไลน์ >>> goldenslot
    สนใจร่วมลงทุนกับเรา สมัครเอเย่น Gclub คลิ๊กได้เลย

    ReplyDelete
  12. Thank you for making me realize this. It's great.
    เว็บไซต์คาสิโนออนไลน์ที่ได้คุณภาพอับดับ 1 ของประเทศ
    เป็นเว็บไซต์การพนันออนไลน์ที่มีคนมา สมัคร Gclub Royal1688
    และยังมีหวยให้คุณได้เล่น สมัครหวยออนไลน์ ได้เลย
    สมัครสมาชิกที่นี่ >>> Gclub Royal1688
    ร่วมลงทุนสมัครเอเย่นคาสิโนกับทีมงานของเราได้เลย

    ReplyDelete
  13. Cartoon HD has its own features like it gives you trending videos,
    featured videos and Download Cartoon HD Apk section.
    You can tap on it to open and choose the video right away.
    No need for television or big screen it works in your devices in very good quality. It's easy to attempt all the videos any time when you want to do.

    ReplyDelete
  14. This is a very informative article. I also agree with the title of your post and you explain well your point of view. I am very happy to see this post. Thank you for sharing with us.
    Maintain and share more related posts.
    tikiqq
    vipbandarq
    walipoker
    wargaqq
    zeuspoker
    zoyaqq
    daftar poker ip pro
    kumpulan situs judi terbaik
    daftar situs judi terpercaya
    daftar poker

    ReplyDelete
  15. We regard the trust which our customers have had on us and our Top Escorts in Islamabad thus complying with that we have held their names,
    we are extremely satisfied with our Islamabad Escorts achievements

    ReplyDelete
  16. Top Islamabad Escorts Agency is the fastest growing high class and model girls for our beloved clients.
    We are committed and determined to offer the most reliable services of exceptional quality at Islamabad Escort Agency. Islamabad Escort agency is providing happy and memorable moments to our clients that they will never be forget.
    That's what makes us different from the other escort agencies. We are available for you 24/7 a day with huge number of female escorts. You just need to contact Best Escorts in Islamabad agency to get your favorite girl to fulfill your sexual needs.
    We assure you to provide you an erotic date at Islamabad Escort Agency. You do not need to worry about your date and privacy. We look forward to secure our client’s privacy. We do not advertise for our clients.
    We send our girls for sex and satisfaction of our clients.
    We also provide you the best and secure services. These girls are the most beautiful and attractive.
    So call us to fix your date now, we will make your date unforgettable.

    ReplyDelete

  17. Download Facetime for windows
    Thanks for the amazing post and it really helpful and the information which are shared to this article.

    ReplyDelete
  18. Betternet Latest Version Free
    Betternet 2020 Crack provides you infinite accessibility to internet sites which could be obstructed on your nation. As an instance, you may get pages that can be blocked for safety grounds in educations.

    ReplyDelete
  19. Revo Uninstaller Pro Latest Version Free
    Revo Uninstaller Pro Crack application gives a summary of all the apps within your device. It is using additional details about dimension, variant, setup day, or publisher. Superfluous momentary folders and files will probably additionally eliminate the freeware.

    ReplyDelete
  20. 3uTools Latest Version Free
    3uTools Key provides you a better way into this content from one’s iOS, like iPhone, iPad along with iPod InTouch. Therefore, you may find hardware specs, mounted programs, pics, music, and videos via this app.

    ReplyDelete
  21. JetBrains IntelliJ IDEA Latest Version Free
    IntelliJ IDEA Keygen developing function was supposed to produce its person’s lifestyle more straightforward and easy. While this one may recognize the glitches and indicate their very best remedy. Therefore, You certainly can do function with Other Folks

    ReplyDelete
  22. Teamviewer Latest Version Free
    Teamviewer Latest Version Free is a useful place where you can easily find Activators, Patch, Full version software Free Download, License key, serial key, keygen, Activation Key and Torrents. Get all of these by easily just on a single click.

    ReplyDelete
  23. Mirillis Action Latest Version Free
    Mirillis Action Activation Key is all in all applications that manage screen recording, Screen Capture, and music recorder. The result is the very same in the maximal quality.

    ReplyDelete
  24. Dr. Fone Latest Version Free
    Dr. Fone Crack’s software is overall built for mobile. Mean this software cannot build for a computer or laptop. Best for mobile. Solve all errors of mobile. Use in at least 30 versions of mobile. Complete issue solver software for mobile phones. Provide wonderful security for mobile.

    ReplyDelete
  25. SpyHunter Latest Version Free
    SpyHunter Crack Full is the program of an anti-spyware. It is used as a computer program for the Microsoft Windows (Windows XP and later) operating system.

    ReplyDelete
  26. Virtual DJ Pro Latest Version Free
    Virtual DJ Pro Crack is the audio-video mixing software with its breakthrough and beat lock engine. It is one of the famous software programs in the entire market and becomes the number one software.

    ReplyDelete
  27. Sony ACID Pro Latest Version Free
    Sony ACID Pro Crack is the best software for music. Because the user develops the latest music with the help of software. This software gave multiple tools to the user. With all the tools of this software, the user creates terrific music. It is the best and professional software.

    ReplyDelete
  28. Yuk Gabung di NAGAQQ: AGEN BANDARQ BANDARQ ONLINE ADUQ ONLINE DOMINOQQ TERBAIK

    Yang Merupakan Agen Bandarq, Domino 99, Dan Bandar Poker Online Terpercaya di asia hadir untuk anda semua dengan permainan permainan menarik dan bonus menarik untuk anda semua

    Bonus yang diberikan NagaQQ :
    * Bonus rollingan 0.5%,setiap senin di bagikannya
    * Bonus Refferal 10% + 10%,seumur hidup
    * Bonus Jackpot, yang dapat anda dapatkan dengan mudah
    * Minimal Depo 15.000
    * Minimal WD 20.000

    Memegang Gelar atau title sebagai Agen BandarQ Terbaik di masanya

    Games Yang di Hadirkan NagaQQ :
    * Poker Online
    * BandarQ
    * Domino99
    * Bandar Poker
    * Bandar66
    * Sakong
    * Capsa Susun
    * AduQ
    * Perang Bacarrat (New Game)

    Tersedia Deposit Via pulsa :
    Telkomsel & XL

    NAGAQQ: AGEN BANDARQ BANDARQ ONLINE ADUQ ONLINE DOMINOQQ TERBAIK

    Info Lebih lanjut Kunjungi :
    Website : NagaQQ
    Facebook : NagaQQ Official
    Kontakk : Info NagaQQ
    linktree : Agen Judi Online
    WHATSAPP 1 : +855977509035
    Line : Cs_nagaQQ
    TELEGRAM : +855967014811


    BACA JUGA BLOGSPORT KAMI YANG LAIN:
    agen bandarq terbaik
    Winner NagaQQ
    Daftar NagaQQ
    Agen Poker Online

    ReplyDelete
  29. As a result of this Islamabad has additionally become the sex capital of Pakistan with in excess of ten thousand Islamabad Escorts crowding Call Girls in Islamabad consistently looking for good clients and a procuring brisk fortune. In all honesty, regardless of being a Muslim nation Pakistan has the greatest number of Escorts Services in Islamabad filling in as escorts or whores. It is a celebrated saying that pretty much every VIP Escorts in Islamabad in Pakistan conveys a sticker price.

    Escorts in Islamabad

    Islamabad Escorts

    Call Girls in Islamabad

    ReplyDelete
  30. Abeeha has worked with an international airline for the past 2 years and has now started having sex in Islamabad to quickly earn that extra money and also to satisfy his wild sexual desire. Abeeha always wants to be dominated by someone and enjoys the treatment of a slave. You can be her teacher and let her do what you want. He has that fetish that licks your ass and gives you a deep throat blowjob.

    Escorts in Islamabad

    Islamabad Escorts

    Call Girls in Islamabad

    Escorts Services in Islamabad

    ReplyDelete
  31. All matters related to medical laboratory and simple procedures People are performing a huge amount of tests daily basis on several labs world wide. but you can have all the test procedure, reporting etc here.
    Blood group A Positive Test Procedure

    ReplyDelete